Tea performing arts, tea terminology and translation, promote tea studies and innovations. *Contact ,icetea8@gmail.com, Trad. and Simp. Chinese used. Blog since 6/23/2005
Name: Steven R. Jones; Link: http://teaarts.blogspot.com/
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名字:瓊斯史迪芬Steven R. Jones, 網址: http://teaarts.blogspot.com/

4/01/2008

Basic Tea Terminology (2006 early version)

Basic Tea Terminology (2006 early version)
作 者: Steven R. Jones
出版日期: 2006-9-1
 Please note that this "Basic Tea Terminology" is an early version and we have revised and updated since that time, but it is not included in this (2006) list below.
附录:有关术语英译
一、制茶术语英译
二、茶叶分类名称的英译
三、常见茶名的英译
四、茶具名称英译
五、泡茶程序英译
茶叶英语
一 制茶
1 tea bush 茶树
2 tea harvesting 采青
3 tea leaves 茶青
4 withering 萎凋
Sun withering 日光萎凋 indoor withering 室内萎凋 setting 静置 tossing 搅拌(浪青)
5 fermentation 发酵
6 oxidation 氧化
7 fixation 杀青
Steaming 蒸青 stir fixation 炒青 baking 烘青 sunning 晒青
8 rolling 揉捻
Light rolling 轻揉 heavy rolling 重揉 cloth rolling 布揉
9 drying 干燥
Pan firing 炒干 baking 烘干 sunning 晒干
10 piling 渥堆
11 refining 精制
Screening 筛分 cutting 剪切 de-stemming 把梗 shaping 整形 winnowing 风选 blending 拼配 compressing 紧压 re-drying覆火 aging 陈放
12 added process 加工
Roasting 焙火 scenting 熏花 spicing调味 tea beverage 茶饮料
13 Packing包装
Vacuum packaging真空包装 nitrogen packs 充氮包装 shredded-tea bag 碎形小袋茶 leave-tea bag 原片小袋茶
二:分类 classification
According to the degree of :fermentation ,rolling, baking and tea leaf maturity :根据制造时发酵,揉捻焙火与采摘时原料成熟度来分类
Non-fermented :不发酵茶,即绿茶
Post –fermented :后发酵茶 即普洱茶
Partially fermented 部分发酵茶,半发酵茶,即乌龙茶
Complete fermentation:全发酵茶,即红茶
再把这四大分类细分:

绿茶分为:
Steamed green tea蒸青绿茶 Powered green tea 粉末绿茶
Silver needle green tea 银针绿茶 Lightly rubbed green tea 原形绿茶
Curled green tea 松卷绿茶 Sword shaped green tea剑片绿茶
Twisted green tea 条形绿茶 Pearled green tea 圆珠绿茶

普洱茶分为
Age-puer :陈放普洱 pile-fermented puer:渥堆puer

乌龙可以分为:
White oolong:白茶乌龙 twisted oolong:条形乌龙
Pelleted oolong 球形乌龙 roasted oolong熟火乌龙
White tipped oolong:白毫乌龙
红茶分为:
Unshredded black tea:功夫红茶 shredded black tea:碎形红茶
熏花茶可以分:
Scented green tea 熏花绿茶 scented puer tea熏花普洱
Scented oolong tea 熏花乌龙 scented black tea熏花红茶
Jasmine scented green tea熏花茉莉
上述各类如果假如食品或香料,就成为调味茶(spiced tea),如果加到绿茶,则成为:spiced green tea 调味绿茶,以此类推。
三:常见茶名的英译
White tipped oolong 白毫乌龙 wuyi rock武夷岩茶
Green blade 煎茶 yellow mountain fuzz tip 黄山毛峰
Dragon well 龙井 green spiral 碧螺春
Gunpower 珠茶 age cake puer 青沱
Pile cake puer 青饼 jun mountain silver needle 君山银针
White tip silver needle 银针白毫 white peony 白牡丹
Long brow jade dew 玉露
Robe tea 大红袍 cassia tea 肉桂
Narcissus 水仙 finger citron 佛手
Iron mercy goddess 铁观音 osmanthus oolong桂花乌龙
Ginseng oolong 人参乌龙茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶
Rose bulb 玫瑰绣球 gongfu black 功夫红茶
Smoke black 烟熏红茶 roast oolong 熟火乌龙
Light oolong 清茶 anji white leaf 安吉白茶
Liu’an leaf 六安瓜片 fenghuang unique bush 凤凰单从
Tea powder 茶粉 fine powder tea 抹茶
四 茶具名称
Tea pot 茶壶 tea pad 壶垫 tea plate 茶船 tea pitcher茶盅
Lid saucer盖置 tea serving tray奉茶盘 tea cup 茶杯 cup saucer杯托
Tea towel tray茶巾盘 tea holder茶荷 tea towel 茶巾 tea brush 茶拂
Timer 定时器 water heater煮水器 water kettle 水壶 heating base煮水器底坐 Tea cart 茶车 seat cushion座垫 cup cover 杯套 packing wrap包壶巾
Tea ware bag 茶具袋 ground pad 地衣 tea ware tray 茶托 strainer cup 同心杯 Personal tea set 个人品茗组(茶具) tea basin 水盂 brewing vessel 冲泡盅 covered bowl 盖碗 Tea spoon 茶匙 tea ware 茶器 thermos 热水瓶 tea canister 茶罐 tea urn 茶瓮 tea table 茶桌 side table侧柜
Tea bowl 茶碗 spout bowl 有流茶碗

五 泡茶程序英译
1 perpare tea ware 备具 2 from still to ready position :从静态到动态
3 prepare water 备水 4 warm pot:温壶
5 prepare tea 备茶 6 recognize tea 识茶
7 appreciate tea 赏茶 8 warm pitcher:温盅
9 put in tea 置茶 10 smell fragrance ;闻香
11 first infusion 第一道茶 12 set timer 计时
13 warm cups 烫杯 14 pour tea : 倒茶
15 prepare cups 备杯 16 divide tea 分茶
17 serve tea by cups 端杯奉茶 18 second infusion :冲第二道茶
19 serve tea by pitcher: 持盅奉茶 20 supply snacks or water::供应茶点或品泉
21 take out brewed leaves :去渣 22 appreciate leaves;赏叶底
23 rinse pot 涮壶 24 return to seat 归位
25 rinse pitcher 清盅 26 collect cups 收杯
27 conclude ;结束
===end of the "Basic Tea Terminology (2006 early version)"===